Toward ICT4D

青年海外協力隊 平成28年度2次隊 PNG コンピュータ技術職のなんたらかんたら

The Final Project of OLC Digital Dividend Course by edX

※本記事はオンライン講座の課題で、一般公開のコンテンツに掲載する必要があるため、本ブログに掲載しています。

  

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Something important that you have learned during this course on the impact of digital technology that you can apply in your country/sector.

Country : Papua New Guinea
Sector : Education

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Since I work as a volunteer ICT teacher in Papua New Guinea, I consider that something except ICT skills is important to nourish usage of technology. Although I have instinctively recognized that is basic human skills including literacy, arithmetic, ethics, etc., thanks to this course, it promotes my deep understanding of digital education theory.

Early this year, we had a shocking delinquency that over 5 schools, including my school, attacked each other, and it caused 1 student dead. It was triggered that someone anonymously posted offensive words against the other school, a kind of criminal declaration, on Facebook. Although Mark Zuckerberg just dreamed to connect people all around the world, why did they waste the technology such a way? The answer is simple. Technology is an amplifier as is well-known metaphor. It doesn’t create anything by itself, it amplifies existing strengths and weaknesses. This presentation is simplified this course to promote teachers understanding of digital education when I held in-service in my school after the delinquency. You may instinctively understand the content although it contains icons and some words, not many sentences.

 

 ※This presentation contains some animations. Please download from the below link.

Dropbox - ICT Education.pptx

 

To ensure the benefits of digital technologies, Ms. Samia Melhem, who is the Global Lead on Digital Development at the World Bank’s Transport and ICT Global Practice, divides the skill sets needed into three large buckets. The first one is that for cognitive skills, literacy, numeracy, problem solving. The second one is more around social and behavioral, emotional IQ, decision making, mindset, grit, team work. And the third one is much more technical, it’s all about digital literacy. The following figure shows more detail of each steps.

 

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It is also reported by the World Development Report 2016 that five uses of technology in building foundational skills are promising: connecting teachers to content; making learning more personalized; reinforcing content learned in school; fostering collaboration and increasing students’ engagement; and promoting adult literacy as below.  

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While it usually attempts to distribute hardware, such as laptop, smartphone, etc. to reform student learning environment because they still believe that technology will make their education level higher, and Computing education is isolated from other subjects, these concepts give great impact to the current digital education system.

In conclusion, technology is to only amplify existing strengths and weaknesses so that digital education should be promoted by whole school, not only ICT teachers, with theological steps. Technology is as a great tool rather than just a subject.